In today’s fast-paced digital world, businesses rely on SAP Fiori to streamline their critical business processes and provide an optimal user experience across the board. However, with great power comes great responsibility…

Securing your SAP Fiori environment is crucial in ensuring the ongoing success and security of your business. By understanding SAP Fiori security fundamentals, implementing best practices, managing authorizations, enhancing security with SAP Access Control, and integrating third-party solutions, you can create a robust and secure SAP Fiori environment.

Remember, the key to safeguarding your valuable business data and applications lies in proactive monitoring, auditing, and improving your security measures. Plus, with the help of our expert SAP consultant team, you’ll be able to handle even the most complex security policies and rules with ease, ensuring your most critical information stays safe over time.

Keep reading to learn more about SAP Fiori Security and our team of SAP consultants!

Key Takeaways

  • Understand SAP Fiori security fundamentals, such as architecture and authentication methods.
  • Implement access controls, encryption/SSL, firewalls, and monitoring to ensure secure access.
  • Integrate third-party solutions for enhanced threat detection & response capabilities.

Understanding SAP Fiori Security Fundamentals

SAP Fiori is a game-changer for modern businesses, offering a unified user experience and a wide variety of unique SAP Fiori applications to streamline operations and improve efficiencies.

With the SAP Fiori apps library, businesses can access various applications to suit their needs. However, this increased connectivity presents its own challenges; the primary security risk associated with the SAP Fiori app and the SAP Fiori client is its exposure to the public internet and mobile networks, increasing the potential attack surface.

Consequently, gaining a thorough understanding of SAP Fiori’s security fundamentals, including its architecture, authentication methods, and frontend/backend authorizations, becomes a critical factor in your.

SAP Fiori Architecture

SAP Fiori’s architecture is based on SAPUI5 technology and consists of OData service functions, OData models, and SAPUI5 views. With the help of the SAP Fiori Launchpad Designer, this architecture facilitates two deployment scenarios: Embedded and Central Hub Deployment.

Understanding the differences between the two deployment scenarios is crucial for an optimal SAP Fiori setup. Here are the main differences between the two deployment options:

  • Embedded Deployment: In this scenario, the SAP Fiori frontend server and the backend server are housed within the same system. This results in improved performance and security due to the lack of need for data to move across systems.
  • Central Hub Deployment: In contrast, the Central Hub Deployment houses the frontend server and the backend server on separate systems. This setup provides a higher degree of flexibility and is particularly beneficial for large, complex systems with multiple backend servers.

Authentication Methods

Various authentication methods are available for SAP Fiori, such as initial user authentication on the ABAP front-end server, SAML 2.0, SPNEGO, X.509, and multi-factor authentication. These predefined authentication methods enhance the system’s security by preventing unauthorized access and preserving data integrity.

Frontend and Backend Authorizations

The SAP Fiori authorization concept is crucial for guaranteeing secure access to data and applications. End-users need authorization for SAP Fiori Launchpad, cards, and oData services on the backend server. Without them, they will not be able to access these resources.

Efficient implementation and management of these authorizations are paramount to maintaining a secure SAP Fiori environment and ensuring security guidelines are met, no matter what.

Secure Environment for SAP Fiori Security: Best Practices

Let’s explore the following measures to ensure your SAP Fiori system remains resistant to threats:

  1. Access controls
  2. Encryption
  3. Firewalls
  4. Monitoring

Access Controls

It’s important to establish robust access controls, as they limit entry points, secure connections in your SAP Fiori systems, and ensure only authorized users have access to sensitive business and employee data.

By leveraging business roles, restricting view access, and integrating with SAP Access Control, you can ensure that only authorized users can access your SAP Fiori applications and data.

Encryption and SSL

Safeguarding data transmission with encryption and SSL capabilities is paramount in any digital environment. By utilizing encryption and SSL (Secure Socket Layer), you can maintain privacy and safeguard your SAP Fiori system from potential threats.

Implementing SSL with valid certificates will help secure sensitive data and ensure a safe experience for your users.


Setting up firewalls is a critical step in defending your SAP Fiori systems against external threats and unauthorized access. Firewalls restrict entry points and ensure that only desired traffic is allowed while closing unnecessary ports in the process.

Combining firewalls with reverse proxies/load balancers, also known as web dispatchers, can provide an extra layer of protection between the external environment and your internal network, further improving the security and protection of a user’s most important data.

Monitoring and Incident Response

To detect and address security threats in your SAP Fiori environment, it’s critical to have ongoing monitoring and robust incident response processes.

By establishing processes to identify and address security risks, you can stay ahead of potential threats and ensure the ongoing security of your SAP Fiori systems.

Managing SAP Fiori Authorizations

Maintaining a secure environment requires the careful management of SAP Fiori authorizations. By creating and managing business catalogs, technical catalogs, and user roles, you can provide secure access to SAP Fiori apps and features, ensuring the integrity of your data and applications.

Business Catalogs

Business catalogs are the smallest units that define the applications that can be assigned to users for selection and authorization in SAP Fiori.

By creating custom business roles and thoroughly inspecting the catalog for SoD conflicts, you can ensure proper authorization for your SAP Fiori users and maintain a secure environment. This process is essential for ensuring users have access to the right applications and data at the right time.

Technical Catalogs

Technical catalogs, acting as a repository for all apps delivered by SAP, house target mappings, and app launcher tiles relevant to each application area. These catalogs are instrumental in managing and reducing launchpad content maintenance, thereby keeping your SAP Fiori system both organized and secure.

By organizing your launchpad content into catalogs, you can easily manage and maintain the content your internal teams require to complete day-to-day tasks and ensure proper functionality over time.

User Roles and Composite Roles

To provide secure access to SAP Fiori apps and features, creating and managing user roles and composite roles are of significant importance. User roles are individual roles assigned to users, while composite roles are a combination of multiple user roles assigned to users.

Implementing these roles effectively can help reduce the number of roles allocated to users, thus diminishing the risk of unauthorized access to SAP Fiori applications and functions.

Enhancing Security with SAP Access Control

SAP Access Control is a powerful tool that can further enhance SAP security in SAP Fiori. It enables users to perform risk analysis, develop and implement rulesets, and address SoD conflicts and resolutions. This way, they can ensure a secure and compliant SAP Fiori environment and protect company and employee data at all costs.

Risk Analysis

Conducting a risk analysis is critical in pinpointing potential security threats and vulnerabilities within your SAP Fiori environment, making it easier to manage business-critical data and maintain compliance with security requirements over time.

Here are the main steps to follow to conduct proper risk analysis:

  1. Identify the services associated with SAP Fiori apps.
  2. Conduct a risk analysis to assess the potential risks and vulnerabilities.
  3. Formulate a ruleset based on the outcomes of the risk analysis.


Creating and implementing rulesets is vital in controlling access and upholding compliance within your SAP Fiori environment.

By setting up rules and restrictions for user access, you can ensure that only authorized users can access your SAP Fiori apps and data, mitigating the risk of unauthorized access and security breaches. This helps to protect your data and ensure that only those with the necessary permissions can access it.

SoD Conflicts and Resolutions

To ensure a secure and compliant SAP Fiori environment, addressing segregation of duties (SoD) conflicts and putting effective resolutions in place should be a critical part of one’s conflict resolution strategy.

By monitoring and eliminating conflicting access, leveraging role substitution, and sustaining SoD rules to incorporate Fiori apps, you can maintain a secure environment and prevent unauthorized access to your SAP Fiori applications and functions.

Single Sign-On and Two-Factor Authentication in SAP Fiori

Incorporating Single Sign-On and Two-Factor Authentication in your SAP Fiori environment can significantly bolster both security and user experience.

With Single Sign-On, users can access multiple applications with a single set of credentials. At the same time, Two-Factor Authentication adds an extra layer of security by requiring users to authenticate themselves with a second factor, such as a one-time password or biometric authentication.

Single Sign-On

Single Sign-On streamlines user authentication and bolsters SAP Fiori’s security by permitting users to access a centralized repository database through the SAP Gateway. Utilizing the SAP Web Dispatcher allows for efficient monitoring and maintenance of a user’s core SAP systems and applications.

Configuring the SAP Fiori Launchpad and the SAP NetWeaver Identity Management system to support Single Sign-On can help ensure that only authorized users can access your SAP Fiori applications and data.

Two-Factor Authentication

The introduction of Two-Factor Authentication adds an additional security layer for your SAP Fiori users by necessitating authentication via a second factor, such as a one-time password or biometric authentication.

By setting up the authentication method and enabling Two-Factor Authentication in your SAP Fiori environment, you can protect sensitive data and prevent unauthorized access.

Customizing SAP Fiori Apps for Security

For further bolstering security within your SAP Fiori environment, consider customizing SAP Fiori apps using app variants and SAP Screen Personas. By tailoring the app to different business roles and adding or removing features from the app, you can maintain a secure and compliant SAP Fiori environment.

App Variants

App variants add an extra dimension to the original app by enabling the removal of certain features like buttons and sections. By creating app variants, you can limit features and maintain security in custom business roles, ensuring that only authorized users can access specific app functionalities.

SAP Screen Personas

SAP Screen Personas is a tool that enables users to personalize the appearance and functionality of SAP Fiori apps within the SAP system. Users can enhance security and maintain a compliant SAP Fiori environment in sap systems by customizing the app to different business roles and hiding unwanted fields or buttons.

Monitoring and Auditing SAP Fiori Security

The monitoring and auditing of SAP Fiori security is key to maintaining system security and compliance. By employing monitoring tools and implementing auditing processes and best practices, you can detect potential threats and vulnerabilities, allowing you to take appropriate action and maintain a secure SAP Fiori environment.

Monitoring Tools

The use of monitoring tools is crucial for the ongoing tracking of your SAP Fiori systems, to detect suspicious activity and potential threats. By regularly reviewing system logs, setting up alerts for suspicious activity, and using automated tools to detect potential threats, you can effectively monitor your SAP Fiori environment and ensure its ongoing security.

Auditing Processes and Best Practices

The implementation of auditing processes and best practices is essential to maintain SAP Fiori security compliance and a secure environment. By utilizing tools such as SAP Audit Management and the Launchpad Content Aggregator, you can audit the content of roles and any SAP Business Roles that are used as-is, ensuring that your SAP Fiori system remains secure and compliant.

Integrating Third-Party Security Solutions

The integration of third-party security solutions can provide additional strength to the security of your SAP Fiori environment. By employing additional security measures, increased scalability, and cost efficiency, third-party security solutions can provide an added layer of protection for your SAP Fiori system.

Benefits of Third-Party Security Solutions

By integrating SAP solutions into your existing SAP Fiori environment, you can ensure that your system remains secure and compliant while also enjoying a few main advantages across your entire Fiori landscape.

The use of third-party security solutions for SAP Fiori can lead to:

  • Enhanced threat detection and response capabilities
  • Better security and compliance
  • More opportunities for customization
  • Specialized services
  • Enhanced efficiency
  • Improved customer service

How Can We Help?

Whether you need help just getting started with the SAP Fiori Launchpad, additional support handling both backend and frontend authorizations across systems and analytical apps, or just an extra hand implementing SAP Fiori Security for the first time, Surety Systems can help.

Our senior-level, US-based SAP consultant team has the internal knowledge, functional skills, and real-world experience to handle all your most important business needs.

Regardless of where your team falls in the SAP Fiori implementation timeline or how complex your SAP landscape is, we’ve got the best-fit consultants for the job!

Getting Started with Our Team

Interested in learning how the Fiori Launchpad can improve integrations between your most important SAP systems or where our team of SAP consultants can come in to help navigate complex authorization defaults or user roles?

Contact us today!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is SAP Fiori Security?

SAP Fiori Security is critical for any business, ensuring that information and processes are secured from unauthorized access, user errors, or negligence. It guarantees no loss of information or processing time.

What is the vulnerability of SAP Fiori?

SAP Fiori is vulnerable to data storage and Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) issues, which can be exploited to compromise user data. Security measures must be implemented to protect user information stored on the device and encoding user inputs for XSS prevention.

What is the authentication method for SAP Fiori?

SAP Fiori provides multi-factor authentication support through integrated authentication mechanisms such as username, password, PIN, or biometrics. It also supports OTP-based authentication and SAML IdP-initiated authentication with the SAP Authenticator app.

What are the 5 principles of SAP Fiori?

The five core design principles of SAP Fiori are role-based, adaptive, simple, coherent, and delightful. These principles ensure the applications are designed to fit individual user needs and provide a fluid, intuitive experience across multiple use cases and devices while emotionally connecting with users.

What is the authorization concept in SAP Security?

The SAP Authorization Concept enables users to access transactions and programs within the system based on a set of authorization object field values. It is designed to protect the system from unauthorized use by assigning specific activities that require appropriate authorization.